Gingivitis is perhaps one of the most common gum diseases. It determines a change in the color, shape, texture and contour of this tissue. Transformations may occur partially or all over the teeth surface.
Gingivitis has a non-specific symptom and shows classic signs of inflammation, with swollen, reddish gum, glossy appearance with violet shades depending on the severity, bleeding and pain. Ulcerations and bad breath may occur. Initially, the gum changes its color slightly and bleeding occurs inside the gum.
Incorrect dental hygiene, the main cause of gingivitis
In general, gingivitis occurs as a result of the accumulation of microbial plaque and dental plaque when oral hygiene is inadequate. If the bacterial plaque remains gingival, it will inevitably lead to an inflammatory response caused by bacterial toxins. Tartar deposits accelerate gingivitis. In the beginning, gingivitis is located in the interdental gingiva, then it affects the entire gum. Thus, it generates the chronic form of this condition, and in time, both the bone tissue and the gum detach from the root of the tooth. Finally, the tooth can be completely lost.
Other causes of gingivitis: scratching or accidental gum injury with hard food; inadequately made fillings; incorrectly executed dental work and prostheses; smoking; vitamin C deficiency, etc.
How to get rid of gingivitis:
You can diagnose it yourself if you find one of the explanations described. In order to have a proper diagnosis, it is advisable to see your dentist. In the dental office, the treatment consists of:
Removing the causative agent by supragingival and subgingival dental scaling;
Removing the factors that cause gingival or irritant lesions;
Regular oral hygiene, including proper brushing and rinsing with mouthwash, removes gingivitis. Daily use of dental floss will reduce the plaque. Electric toothbrushes are more useful than manual ones.
How to prevent gingivitis:
Consume vegetables and fruits, ensuring your body needs of vitamin C.
Use toothpaste containing herbal extracts.
Wash your teeth at least twice a day.
Go to the dentist twice a year (every 6 months).
Gingivitis is not a direct health threat, but untreated may cause local and systemic complications. The most common complication is the periodontal disease, which causes tooth loss.